Black Sapote

Black Sapote
Black Sapote
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Introducing Black Sapote 

The Black Sapote originated from Mexico, first spreading to Mexico, Central America, Cuba, and Philippines. This tropical evergreen can grow up to 12 metres tall in outdoor tropical climates.

It is cultivated in many tropical countries as a crop. There are many improved varieties now available.

Growing Black Sapote Fruit Trees

The black sapote can fruit all year around in the tropics. There is no problem planting your Black Sapote seedling direct into the ground. That is what its wants!

Location and Soil

Black Sapote Sapling
Black Sapote Sapling

Trees can grow in a range of soil types but really love moist sandy loam.

Make sure the location drains well and is not too swampy. If this is a problem in your location, you could use soil to build a mound to plant the tree in, guaranteeing drainage.

Locate the tree in full sun, away from other trees or buildings.

Propagation

How to Grow Black Sapote from Seed

  1. Remove seeds

    Cut a a ripe fruit in half and remove seeds.

  2. Clean Seeds

    Rinse seeds then leave them in a bowl for 24 hours. Then rinse again to remove and remaining coating.

  3. Prepare

    Fill a started pot with potting mix and water the potting mix.

  4. Sow

    Make a hole 5cm deep. Drop in the seed and cover with potting mix.

  5. Germination

    Leave the pot In a sunny location and water regularly. Do not overdo it, as your seed will rot if your medium is permanently soggy.

  6. Transplant

    After a month or two transplant your seeding into a new pot or to your preferred location in the garden (see below).

Can you grow black sapote from cuttings?

Yes this has been done, but it is very difficult. The black sapote does not root well from cuttings. We recommend you avoid this strategy.

Care

Fertilising

Black sapote is not a ‘hungry’ fruit tree. We apply an organic fertiliser just once each year, during the dry season.

Pruning 

It is a well-branched tree and does not need regular cutting. However, pruning is often done to keep the tree manageable in a suburban environment or to achieve better penetration of sunlight across the branches.

Growing in a pot

If you grow a back sapote in a pot, it is likely to grow quickly. Within a few years it will need a much bigger pot, or a permanent home outside a pot, if you want it to continue to grow and increase fruit production.

Watering

Water them regularly throughout the dry season. However, during the ‘wet’ they will be fine without any additional water.

Pests and Diseases of the Black Sapote

Apart from scale, it has very few pests or diseases. Mealybugs, whitefly and aphids can also be a problem, but the Black Sapote is fairly pest resistant.

Eating The Fruit

Black Sapote is often referred to as the chocolate pudding fruit. It is a delicious tropical fruit that has many health benefits.

The fruit can be eaten fresh, but peel off the skin before consuming.

Black Sapote can make a delicious ice cream. It is also used in mousses, cakes and cheesecakes.

Health Benefits

Black Sapote is often referred to as the chocolate pudding fruit. It is a delicious tropical fruit that has many health benefits.

There are many health benefits of eating black sapote. Accordingly it helps strengthening the immune system, improving digestion, promoting weight loss and improving your cardiovascular health.

Weight Loss

Carotenoids and catechins in the fruit work to turn fat into energy. As black sapote is a complex carbohydrate, it provides long-term satiety due to the fact it takes longer time to digest. This makes it a good weight loss food.

Fibre

Black Sapote has a large amount of dietary fibre. This helps with digestion and regularity. In addition, it also assists with the peristaltic movement of the intestine.

Immune System

The fruit is loaded with vitamin C. This is proven to strengthen immunity to help the body in fight toxins and diseases.

Antioxidants

Black sapote is high in anti-oxidants. Anti-oxidants help to fight free radicals or bad cells in the body.

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By Rob Pyne

Quadriplegic, Former MP, Councillor & Political Campaigner: Rob is an Eco Socialist who shares ways to survive & fight capitalism. #socialism #championoftheunderdog Occupation: Online Editor Employer: Champion of the Underdog! Book: Struggle and Resistance in the Far North

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