Guava Tree

Guava Fruit
Guava Fruit
Spread the love

Introducing The Guava Tree

There are 3 different types of guava tree. They are the tropical guava, (Psidium guajava); the strawberry guava (Psidium lucidum) and the pineapple guava (Feijoa Sellowiana).

The guava originated from Mexico. It has since spread from Central America to other parts of the world.

Growing Guava Trees

Location and Soil

Guava tree
Guava Tree

Growing well in tropical gardens, the Guava tree should be planted in a sunny spot in your garden.

It will grow in most places, as long as it is well-draining soil. While a rich soil is perfect, the plant is forgiving to poor soil.

This tropical fruit also grows well in the sub-tropics.

Propagation

Growing from Seed

Seed grown guava trees don’t grow true. For this reason we do not recommend it.

Growing from Cuttings

Simply cut off a 10-15 cm softwood cutting. Remove all but the top two leaves. Then dip the bottom of the cutting into a rooting hormone and plant it in moist potting mix. Then place the container in a sunny location where temperatures are consistently around 24-29 Celcius.

Water gently as needed to keep the potting soil slightly moist. Place it in a sheltered outdoor location until the tree is big enough to survive on its own.

Care

Fertilising

The guava tree is fairly low maintenance. They do not need heavy fertilising.

Choose an organic, balanced fertilizer and apply every six weeks during its peak growing season. There is no need to fertilise during the winter months, especially if you are living in a cool climate.

Pruning 

Without pruning a guava tree will easily get out of control. Pruning is needed to keep the tree a manageable size. Done properly it allows you to keep the tree at an accessible height for picking the fruit.

Other reasons people prune is to restore tree vigour and to control pests and disease.

Growing in a pot

Find a container that is at least 50cm across and just as deep. Make sure the container has drainage holes. Place your pot in full sunlight.

Watering

While young, the guava tree should be watered every 2 or 3 weeks. In a tropical wet-season, it can handle torrential downpours, but there is no need for additional watering. Indeed additional watering during a heavy wet season could cause the roots to rot.

Pests and Diseases of the Guava Tree

Pests that can damage your guava include nematodes, caterpillars, mealybugs, weevils and whiteflies.

One tip to protect trees from insects is to prune any branches that are touching walls, buildings or the ground. This will make it harder for insects to access the tree.

Eating The Fruit

Guava is commonly eaten raw. You can enjoy it sliced or simply eat it like an apple. It can also be sliced and served with cream as a dessert.

Health Benefits

The guava fruit offers many health benefits. It is rich in vitamins A, B, and C.  In addition, studies support the benefits of guava tree leaf extracts, which are even taken by some as dietary supplements.

Fibre

Dietary fiber in guava supports a healthy gut microbiome. Gut health is important for digestion, weight gain, cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and even immunity.

Immune System  

Vitamin C is known to help prevent common infections and pathogens. Indeed, the guava contains almost twice the vitamin C of oranges.

Antioxidants

Guava leaf extract has antioxidant properties. Antioxidants can help to lower blood pressure by helping to expand blood vessels.

The fruit contains several antioxidants 

Other Content

Tropical Gardening

By Rob Pyne

Quadriplegic, Former MP, Councillor & Political Campaigner: Rob is an Eco Socialist who shares ways to survive & fight capitalism. #socialism #championoftheunderdog Occupation: Online Editor Employer: Champion of the Underdog! Book: Struggle and Resistance in the Far North

Leave a comment