Jaboticaba Tree Care

jaboticaba tree care trunk fruiting
jaboticaba tree care trunk fruiting
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Champion of the Underdog » Tropical Gardening » Jaboticaba Tree Care

Jaboticaba Tree

Jaboticaba tree care increases the chance this striking tree will produce purplish-black, white-pulped fruits, growing directly on the trunk.

The Jaboticaba Tree (Myrciaria cauliflora) is a slow growing ornamental tree. This tree is famous for the purplish-black fruits that grow directly on the trunk. It originates from South America, being native to Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and north east Argentina.

There are many varieties of jaboticaba. The most frequently grown varieties are Sabara, Paulista, Rajada, Branca, Ponhema and Rujada.

This tree can bloom intermittently throughout the year. However, the main flowering is usually in spring and the best fruit harvest is October/November.

Jaboticaba Tree Care

Location and Soil

The tree is fine for a suburban garden.

Jaboticaba grows well from latitude 32 to 16 degrees south. You can find it at up to 1000m above sea level. It prefers mean annual temperatures of 22-26°C, but will survive cooler temperatures. Heavy rain can cause it to shed leaves, but it will survive periods of water-logging. This is important indeed during the tropical wet season.

Propagation

Time needed: 3 minutes.

How to Grow Jaboticaba from seed.

  1. Scoop out seeds and soak them.

    Scoop out the seeds and soak them in a bowl of water for a day. Stir a few times to separate the seeds from the pulp.

  2. Rinse seeds

    Rinse using a strainer to remove remaining pulp from seeds (you may have to do this a few times).

  3. Sow Seeds

    Sow 3 or 4 jaboticaba seeds in each pot. Space the seeds 3cm apart on the surface of the potting mix. Press seeds onto the potting mix and cover them with a 30mm layer of sand.

  4. Water and Wait

    Water in with a misty spray. Then water regularly and leave pot in partial sun.

  5. Germination

    Germination should occur after about a month.

  6. Thin out

    If more than one of your seeds has germinated, thin them out, leaving the strongest.

  7. Transplant

    After another month or two transplant in to a full sun location We like to do this after the first downpour of the wet season.

  8. Wait … and wait more

    The tree is often grown from seed. However, it is slow growing and may take 6-8 years from seed to when it starts fruiting.

Can you grow Jaboticaba trees from cuttings?

Yes, you can. While Jaboticaba are mostly propagated from seeds, grafting, root cuttings, air layering are successful as well.

Jaboticaba Tree Care Tips

Fertilising 

Jaboticaba tree care includes feeding your tree. We fertilise our tree twice each year. Once pre-flowering and once as harvesting draws to a conclusion.

Pre Harvest we apply calcium and boron to promote are flowering and pollination. Kelp also contains compounds to enhance flowing and fruit set.

Harvest/Post Harvest, we apply a fertiliser rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium.

Pruning 

The tree can grow up to 12 metres in height. However, pruning can make it work in your garden. It is sometimes pruned into a hedge.

Growing in a pot

Jaboticaba can easily be grown is a pot. Indeed this is most beneficial if you live in areas where it might get too cold. It is also useful to grow in a pot if you don’t have the healthiest of soils or enough room in your garden.

Watering

This tree has a fairly shallow root system. It will require watering regularly during the ‘dry season’.

Pests and Diseases

This tree is very resistant to pests due to the leathery skin of the fruit. This protects it from insects. However, when the tree does fruit, you may have some competition from the nearby bird population.

Eating the Fruit

Jaboticaba
Jaboticaba

The end result of good jaboticaba tree care is fruit! The fruit is often eaten straight off the tree. However, it is also often used for making jelly, jams and marmalade.

The tree mainly fruits in autumn. However, they can have multiple fruiting times throughout the year (especially when trees are well fed and watered).

Health Benefits

Weight Loss

The fruit is a healthy snack that can help with weight loss. It is low in calories and carbohydrate but packed with vitamins, minerals and protein. Therefore it has a good weight loss combination.

Fibre

The fruit is very high in fibre, with 0.08 milligrams of fibre per 100 edible grams. Consequently, this fibre helps to increase the absorption of water in the intestine facilitating the formation and elimination of stools.

Immune System

The fruit is high in zinc, an essential mineral in the production of defence cells of the body. As a result, the consumption of jabuticaba helps strengthen the immune system.

Antioxidants

Jaboticaba are rich in antioxidants. It contains antioxidants such as anthocyanins, which are known to combat free radicals, helping to avoid the deterioration of cells.

Prebiotics

Research has shown the jaboticaba peel is a nutritious source of bioactive compounds with prebiotic effects. So in ordinary language, the peel is great for your gut health and can help to prevent disease.

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By Rob Pyne

Quadriplegic, Former MP, Councillor & Political Campaigner: Rob is an Eco Socialist who shares ways to survive & fight capitalism. #socialism #championoftheunderdog Occupation: Online Editor Employer: Champion of the Underdog! Book: Struggle and Resistance in the Far North

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