Guava tree care is about understanding the guava tree and growing them for production of their awesome tasty fruit. There are 3 different types of guava, the tropical guava (Psidium guajava); the strawberry guava (Psidium lucidum) and the pineapple guava (Feijoa Sellowiana).
The guava originated from Mexico. It has since spread from Central America to other parts of the world.
The guava tree can bloom year-round. However, spring is the main flowering and the fruit is usually ready 90 to 150 days after the first bloom.
Growing a Guava Tree
Location and Soil
Firstly, the guava tree should be planted in a sunny spot in your garden. It will grow in most places, as long as it has well-draining soil. While a rich soil is perfect, the plant is forgiving of poor soil.
Hence, guava trees placed in a sunny location will thrive in the tropics. They can produce guava after 2 years and continue to do so for another 40. This tropical fruit also grows well in the sub-tropics.
Guava Tree Care – Propagation
You can grow a guava tree from seed if you want to. However, seed grown guava trees, don’t always grow true. Therefore even if you manage to grow a fruiting tree, it will take 3 or 4 years before it produces its first fruit. So for this reason we do not recommend growing from seed.
Time needed: 3 minutes.
How to grow guava from cuttings
- Prepare cutting
Cut off a 10-15 cm softwood cutting. Remove all but the top two leaves. Dip the bottom of the cutting into a rooting hormone.
- Pot cutting
Plant your cutting in a pot containing moist potting mix.
- Locate Pot
Place the container in a sunny location where temperatures are consistently around 24-29 Celsius.
- Water and Wait
Water gently as needed to keep the potting soil slightly moist. So place it in a sheltered outdoor location until the tree is big enough to survive on its own.
Guava Tree Care
The guava tree is fairly low maintenance. They do not need heavy fertilising.
Choose an organic, balanced fertilizer and apply every six weeks during its peak growing season. There is no need to fertilise during the winter months, especially if you are living in a cool climate.
Without pruning a guava tree will easily get out of control. So pruning is needed to keep the tree a manageable size. Hence done properly, it allows you to keep the tree at an accessible height for picking the fruit. In addition, people prune to restore tree vigour and to control pests and disease.
Growing a guava tree in a pot
Find a container that is at least 50cm across and just as deep. Make sure the container has drainage holes. Place your pot in full sunlight.
While young, the guava tree should be watered every 2 or 3 weeks. In a tropical wet-season, it can handle torrential downpours, but there is no need for additional watering. Indeed additional watering during a heavy wet season could cause the roots to rot.
Guava Tree Care – Pests and Diseases
Pests that can damage your guava include nematodes, caterpillars, mealybugs, weevils and whiteflies.
One tip to protect trees from insects is to prune any branches that are touching walls, buildings or the ground. After all, this will make it harder for insects to access the tree. In addition, the regular application of ‘white oil’ can help address some of these pests. So white oil is an effective organic pesticide that you can make at home.
Eating The Fruit
Guava is commonly eaten raw. You can enjoy it sliced or simply eat it like an apple. It can also be sliced and served with cream as a dessert.
The guava fruit offers many health benefits. It is rich in vitamins A, B, and C. In addition, studies support the benefits of guava tree leaf extracts, which are even taken by some as dietary supplements.
Dietary fiber in guava supports a healthy gut microbiome. After all gut health is important for digestion, weight gain, cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and even immunity.
Vitamin C is known to help prevent common infections and pathogens. Indeed, the guava contains almost twice the vitamin C of oranges.
Guava leaf extract has antioxidant properties. Indeed antioxidants can help to lower blood pressure by helping to expand blood vessels. In addition these antioxidants are said to reduce degenerative brain disease, inflammation, heart disease and cancer.
Other Tropical Fruits
- Black Sapote
- Custard Apple
- Dragon Fruit
- Kumquat Tree
- Mamey Sapote
- Natal Plum
- Passion Fruit
- Paw Paw Tree
- Star Apple